Side-effects of surgery:
Side-effects are the unwanted but usually temporary effects of a successful procedure. Examples include feeling sick as a result of the general anaesthetic or painkillers.
Complications of incisional hernia surgery:
Complications are unexpected problems that can occur during or after the operation. However, most people undergo incisional hernia surgery without difficulty. As with any surgery, there is a very small risk of developing an unexpected reaction to the anaesthetic. Other rarely encountered problems include excessive bleeding, pneumonia, infection or developing a blood clot within the leg veins (deep vein thrombosis).
To help prevent this, most people are given compression stockings to wear during the operation. They may also be given a drug to thin the blood and reduce the risk of clots. There is also a risk of abdominal bruising, although this usually settles without treatment.
Other complications more specific to the procedure include possible injury to the intestines or other abdominal organs. If an infection occurs in the mesh, it may need to be removed or replaced. Also, there is always a small risk that the hernia could come back after repair. The long-term recurrence rate is between 0-5% when synthetic mesh is used.
As the laparoscopic approach has not been used for as long as the open approach, it’s long-term success rate is not certain, but early results indicate that it is as good as the open or traditional approach. Your surgeon will help you decide if the risks of laparoscopic incisional hernia repair are less than the risks of leaving the condition untreated.
The chance of complications depends on the exact type of operation you are having and other factors such as your general health.